1. Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ said: “Whoever performs Hajj for the sake of pleasing Allah and does not utter any obscene words, nor commits any evil action shall return from it as free from sin as the day his mother gave birth to him.” (Bukhari #1521 and Muslim #1350 – Mishkaat 1/221) 2. Ibnu Shammasah رضي الله عنه narrates that we were present around Amr ibnul Aas رضي الله عنه when he was in his last moments. He cried for a long time and then related the story of his embracing Islam. He said: “When Allah caused Islam to enter my heart, I came to Rasulullah ﷺ and said: ‘O Rasulullah ﷺ! Put forth your hand that I may swear allegiance.’ When Rasulullah ﷺ stretched forth his hand, I withheld my hand. Rasulullah ﷺ inquired: ‘What troubles you O Amr?’ I said: ‘I want to lay down a condition that Allah shall forgive my previous sins.’ Rasulullah ﷺ replied: ‘O Amr, do you then not know that Islam washes away all sins committed in disbelief, and that the Hijrah washes away all sins committed before it, and that Hajj destroys all sins committed before it.” (Muslim #121) 3. Abdullah ibn Umar رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ said: “When you meet a Haaji (on his way home) then greet him, shake hands with him and ask him to beg forgiveness of Allah on your behalf before he enters his home, because his dua for forgiveness is accepted since he is forgiven by Allah for his sins.” (Musnad Ahmad #5372, #6112, Mishkaat 1/223) 4. Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrates from Nabi ﷺ that he said: “The Haaji and the one who makes Umrah are members of the delegation of Allah. If they make Duaa to Allah, Allah answers them. If they ask Allah for forgiveness, Allah forgives them.” (Sunan ibn Majah #2892, Mishkaat 1/222) 5. Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ once made Duaa: “O Allah, forgive the sins of the Haaji and forgive the sins of the one for whom the Haaji seeks forgiveness.” (Mustadrak al Haakim #1612) 6. It is reported that Umar رضي الله عنه said: “The Haaji has the forgiveness of Allah until the 20th of Rabiul Awwal. The one who he seeks forgiveness for is also forgiven in this time. (Ithaaf) Jannah is the reward for Hajj Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ said: “Umrah to Umrah is an atonement for what is between it. There is no reward for a righteous Hajj except Jannah.” (Bukhari #1773, Muslim #1349, Mishkaat 1/221) The article above has been taken from here.
Some contemporaries, who degrade the Fiqh of the four Imams & their followers, actually do so because they view legitimate “difference of opinion” as evil. This is the reason for which they keep harping on the fact that we need to follow the Quran and Sunnah and not any of the Schools of Fiqh. This is analysis of their claim. My Honourable Teacher, Al-Muhaddith, Shaykh Muhammad ‘Awwamah (may Allah protect him) responds to this with the following: “Firstly, this implies that the Imams of the four Madhahib (Schools of Fiqh) were not following the Quran and Sunnah ! Secondly, this can only be said in ignorance of the reality we are faced with; tell me in the name of Allah! Up to how many “schools” have they resulted in, after Muslims lived within the four schools for centuries? Where is the logic behind their claim?! Lastly, I will explain further that following the Quran and Sunnah actually leads us to legitimate difference of opinion.” (Atharul Hadithi Shareef, fi ikhtilafil A-immatil Fuqaha, pg.77) A valuable lesson Shaykh ‘Awwamah (may Allah protect him) has included the following incident in his glorious book “Atharul Hadith”. “Sayyiduna ‘Urwah ibn Zubair – a Tabi’e- (rahimahullah) once objected to Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhuma): “You have been misleading the people!” Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu’anhuma) asked for the reason, to which ‘Urwah replied: “When a person dons his Ihram for Haj or ‘Umrah and after arriving in Makkah performs the tawaf only, you state that he is now free of his ihram. Whereas Sayyiduna ‘Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) actually opposed this view!” Ibn ‘Abbas responded: “Are the two of them (Abu Bakr & ‘Umar radiyallahu’anhuma) preferred to you over what is in the Quran and Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam)?” ‘Urwah replied: “Sayyiduna Abu Bakr & ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) had more knowledge/ understanding of the Quran and Sunnah than me and you put together!” (Al-Mu’jamul Awsat of Tabarani, hadith:21) In a narration of Musnad Ahmad Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu’anhuma) responded to ‘Urwah’s objection by saying: “I am quoting a hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) to you, and quote Abu Bakr and ‘Umar?!” ‘Urwah replied: “They followed Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) more than you, and they knew more about him than you knew” (Musnad Ahmad, vol.1, pg.252) The narrator; Ibn Abi Mulaikah (rahimahullah) comments: “Urwah defeated him.” Shaykh ‘Awwamah (may Allah protect him) explains: “…’Urwah is actually saying to Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas: “By us taking the view of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr and Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) we aren’t disregarding the way of the sunnah. In fact we find ourselves with two options; that which Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu’anhuma) witnessed (and understood) from Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) and what Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) witnessed/understood. We then preferred their view because they were most knowledgeable regarding the sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam).” (Atharul Hadithi Shareef, fi ikhtilafil A-immatil Fuqaha, pg. 108) Imam Sufyan Thawri (rahimahullah) said: نسلم ما سمعنا، ونكل ما لا نعلم إلى عالمه، ونتهم رأينا لرأيهم “We follow what we know, and hand over what we do not know to those who do know. We will even question our understanding in favour of theirs” (Al-Intiqa, pg.265, 266) The reality of “Fiqhus Sunnah” Shaykh (may Allah protect him) writes further: “And this is our response to those who ask us to abandon the Fiqh of Imams: Abu Hanifah, Malik, Shafi’e and Ahmad (rahimahumullah) and to rather take –what they label as- “Fiqhus-Sunnah” or “Fiqhul-Quran was-Sunnah” We say to them: “We are not prepared to accept you’ll as alternatives to those Imams, for they were undoubtedly more knowledgeable than you’ll regarding the sunnah. In fact there is no comparison between you’ll and them in knowledge. It is actually our eagerness to follow the way of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) that leads us to follow what these great Imams had understood (and presented to the ummah) as the sunnah!” (Atharul Hadithi Shareef, fi ikhtilafil A-immatil Fuqaha, pgs. 108-109.) The true meaning of Fiqh of Abu Hanifah etc. The word fiqh actually translates as: understanding. Shaykh ‘Awwamah writes: “Therefore, when we say “Fiqh of Abu Hanifah, Fiqh of Shafi’e and so on, the actual meaning of this is: the understanding of Imam Abu Hanifah and Imam Shafi’e. The question that arises is: Their understanding of what? It is their understanding of none other than the Quran and Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) The reason for this is that “Fiqh” in fact means: understanding.” Don’t be fooled! “In light of the above, we can now realize a widespread grave mistake which nobody seems to pay attention to, or even rectify; when certain people label their “understanding” as “Fiqhus Sunnah” or Fiqhus Sunnah wal Kitab” This term literally translates as: “the understanding of the Quran and Sunnah”. In this case it is the understanding of some unknown, or under qualified person. It is his understanding which he seeks to legitimise by attributing it to the Quran and Sunnah. This is done to give the impression that they are presenting before the people the “original authentic source” of knowledge (whereas it is merely their distorted understanding). In this manner they deter others from the Fiqh of the Imams; Abu Hanifah, Shafi’e, Malik and Ahmad (rahimahumullah). They even boldly venture to say: “People! Do you want “Fiqh of Muhammad sallallahu’alaihi wasallam” or “Fiqh of Abu Hanifah and Shafi’ie”? One of them had the audacity to ask before leading the salah; “Should I perform the salah of Muhammad (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) or the salah of Abu Hanifah”!! This is all the consequence of them attributing their Fiqh/understanding to the Quran and sunnah, and the fiqh/understanding of Imam Abu Hanifah and Imam Shafi’e to Abu Hanifah and Shafi’e, not to the Quran and Sunnah. In so doing, they have separated the correct understanding of the Quran and Sunnah (the understanding of legitimate scholars) which in reality was the most appropriate explanation of the Quran and Hadith. They severed this and then produced a new understanding which they attribute to the Quran and Sunnah!” (Atharul Hadith, pgs.134-135) They truly did know better Imam Malik (rahimahullah) said: سلموا للأئمة ولا تجادلوهم، فلو كنا كلما جاءنا رجل أجدل من رجل اتبعناه: لخفنا أن نقع في رد ما جاء به جبريل عليه السلام “Submit to the Imams and don’t argue with them, for if we were to follow every convincing debater, I fear we may end up refuting what Angel Jibreel brought from the skies” (Atharul Hadith, pg.117) Imam Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah (rahimahullah) said: التسليم للفقهاء سلامة في الدين “In conceding to the Fuqaha (Jurists) is the security for our deen” (Atharul Hadith, pg.117) Imam Sufyan Thawri (rahimahullah) said: نسلم ما سمعنا، ونكل ما لا نعلم إلى عالمه، ونتهم رأينا لرأيهم “We follow what we know, and hand over what we do not know to those who do know. We will even question our understanding in favour of theirs” (Al-Intiqa, pg.265, 266) These quotations are so glaring in the current conditions. So the next time someone confronts us with arguments like the ones discussed above, we shouldn’t be moved. In fact, these last three quotations are sufficient in response! May Allah Ta’ala keep us under the shadows of our Imams which ultimately lead us to the shadow of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam). Ameen.
SO it’s a few days into Ramadan and people around you keep talking about how they love Ramadan. They love how they can focus and worship, they talk about how they love the feeling of the shayateen being chained, and they are just so…happy. And all you can think is, “I want to feel that!” You’ve read articles, listened to lectures, and tried to get yourself pumped up but it just isn’t there. You’re not “feeling” Ramadan. Maybe Ramadan didn’t start off like you planned. While it’s true that Ramadan is a time to focus, life doesn’t stop because it’s Ramadan. We still have our jobs and responsibilities but that doesn’t mean you can’t benefit. Life is stressful at times and things won’t suddenly become easier once Ramadan starts. Yes, the shayateen are chained but we still have to work on ourselves. I used to think that as soon as Ramadan came in, I would feel better. I would plan to officially sit down before Ramadan started and repent for all of my shortcomings and resolve to do better- start off on the right foot. And I would get my Ramadan goals in order. But despite doing all of that, something was still missing. I realized that Ramadan isn’t just about outside changes. You can read all the Quran and hadith, listen to all the lectures and read all the Ramadan articles, but it might not affect you. And when that happens, we need to look inside. You’ve heard that you can’t pour water into a dirty glass… Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “When the believer commits sin, a black spot appears on his heart. If he repents and gives up that sin and seeks forgiveness, his heart will be polished. But if (the sin) increases, (the black spot) increases. That is the raan which Allah mentions in His Book: ‘Nay! But on their hearts is the Raan (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn’.” (Al-Tirmithi) So we need to polish and soften our hearts. Allah says, “Then your hearts became hardened after that, being like stones or even harder. For indeed, there are stones from which rivers burst forth, and there are some of them that split open and water comes out, and there are some of them that fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:74) Maybe you have given up and wonder “what’s the point of fasting and praying if I can’t be a better Muslim?” Or maybe there is something in your life right now that you don’t want to address. Maybe you know what you need to work on but you just don’t want to. Allah says, “Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire, and Allah has sent him astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heart and put over his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah? Then will you not be reminded?” (45:23) Maybe you are not on good terms with another Muslim. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “The gates of Paradise are opened on Mondays and Thursday s, then every servant of Allah is granted forgiveness if he does not associate anything with Allah in worship. But the person in whose heart there is rancor against his Muslim brother, they will not be pardoned. It will be said about them, ‘Hold both of them until they reconcile.” (Muslim) Or maybe you’ve overloaded yourself with preparing for Ramadan and you felt overwhelmed and gave up before it even started. Whatever the cause, start correcting it now. Go back to the basics. Renew your intentions and remind yourself about what Ramadan is all about. Make specific, smaller goals and don’t feel sad if you got off to a slow start. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “May his nose be rubbed in the dust (an Arabic expression for humiliation) who fasts Ramadan and Ramadan ends without him being admitted into Jannah.” [al-Tirmidhi] Insha Allah, Let’s not let that be us! Ramadan is a perfect time for everything. It is a perfect time to ask for forgiveness from Allah, energize and pace ourselves to do more good. As I say that it is a perfect time to pace ourselves to do more good, don’t forget that it is also a perfect time to put this good into practice in our daily lives. I once heard a lecture that in the beginning of Ramadan there are 5 rows for Taraweeh in the Masjid. In the middle of Ramadan there are 2 rows for Taraweeh in the Masjid. And in the end of Ramadan there are 4 rows for Taraweeh in the Masjid. Hence from this example we can clearly see that the moment we reach at the middle of Ramadan we drop off our consistency. Why you ask? Because we surround ourselves with a lot of ‘tasks to-do’ in the beginning of Ramadan & later in the middle or after Ramadan, we find it hard & eventually we give it a break! – So how can one be consistent in his deeds during Ramadan? Make du’a: For everything to turn out the way you want it. Ask Allah to make you consistent in your deeds during Ramadan & grant you the ability to continue your good deeds for the rest of your life! Be balanced: As Ramadan approaches, we set a huge ‘good deeds to-do’ list, only to realize that at the middle or end of Ramadan, that same ‘good deeds to-do’ list is becoming a burden. This time, just for a change, try adding only one little ‘good deed to-do’ in your Ramadan plan & try continuing that same good deed during Ramadan consistently & see the difference! Remember that the ‘good deed’ can be as small as making dua for the Ummah, working hard on any one of the Sunnah of the Prophet (SalAllahu alaihy wassalam), etc. As goes the hadith of the Prophet (SalAllahu alaihy wassalam):- “The deeds most loved by Allah (Subhan wa Ta’ala) are those that are done regularly even though they may be few” (Bukhari) Remember that to start a good is no big deal. Continuing it is what matters to Allah. Just like my experience, I wasn’t ready to fast at all, because I hadn’t made dua to Allah nor had I planned anything. And that’s why things got messed up for me in the end. So, I pray all goes well for you this Ramadan. The best time to begin a deed & keep it consistent is Ramadan. So hurry up & Start now! When winds become soft and gentle, when sunshine changes from heat to warmth… when rain is more cooling than ever before… when clouds move calmly dressed in peaceful white… when the rustling of trees is like a familiar chanting… when whispers of prayer fill the earth, when mountains stand motionless echoing Divine praise… when a lull of serenity lingers in the air and Mercy embraces the earth, the Awaited Beloved graces us: Ramadan— the season of change. To disrupt this beauty would be ever unwise, With our human faults, sins and lies How perfect if we were to harmonize, With the rest of nature when Ramadan arrives! It trades perfumes of forgiveness if you repent from vice And sweetness of faith for restrained eyes. A breath better than the smell of musk, For fasting sincerely from dawn to dusk It gifts robes of respect for honesty, And jewels of Jannah for a little in charity. For constant glorification of Allah, A face that shines brighter than the stars! It reveals the treasures of Paradise To those who pray in its blessed nights. Its most special gift is the Night of Power With immense reward in its every hour. If you can sacrifice your sleep, To stand through this one night and weep Allah promises to forgive all your sins If you beg for forgiveness and surrender to Him. Full of forgiveness, mercy and wealth, Blessings, happiness and health, Ramadan changes, Ramadan revives Our rushing yet meaningless lives. Ramadan closes the gates of Hell And shows us the Paradise where we could dwell, But this Beloved is soon going away, With the end of a mere 30 days… To come back after almost a year, When maybe neither I… nor you are here.