Durood Shareef Sayyiduna Aws Bin Aws Al Thaqafi (RA) Said that the Nabi of Allah (SAW) Said: “The best of your days is Jumu’ah. On that day Adam (AS) was created, on that day he passed away, on that day the Trumpet will be blown and on that day all of creation will swoon. So, send a great deal of salutations upon me [on a Friday], for your salutations are presented to me.” They said, “O Rasulullah, how will our salutations upon you be shown to you when you have turned to dust?” He said, “Allah has forbidden the Earth to consume the bodies of the Ambiya (‘Alayhim us salam). (Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 1040, Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith: 1085, Musnad Ahmad, vol. 4 pg. 8) وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «مَنْ صَلَّى عَلَيَّ وَاحِدَةً صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ عشرا» . رَوَاهُ مُسلم Abu Hurairah (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “the person who invokes blessing on me once, Allah (SWT) will send 10 blessings upon that person.” (Muslim)
The Day of Friday Virtues of reciting Surah Kahf on Friday وَعَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: من قَرَأَ سُورَة الْكَهْف فِي يَوْم الْجُمُعَة أَضَاء لَهُ النُّور مَا بَيْنَ الْجُمْعَتَيْنِ . رَوَاهُ الْبَيْهَقِيُّ فِي الدَّعَوَاتِ الْكَبِير Sayyiduna Abu Sa`id (RA) reports that Rasulullah (SAW) said: “Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Friday, A light shall shine forth for him between the two Fridays. [Haakim, Baihaqi] وَعَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَنْ حَفِظَ عشر آيَات من أول سُورَة الْكَهْف عصم من فتْنَة الدَّجَّال . رَوَاهُ مُسلم Sayyiduna Abu Darda’ (RA) reports that the Nabi of Allah (SAW) said: If anyone learns by heart (And Recites) the first ten verses of the Surah al-Kahf, he will be protected from the fitnah of Dajjal. (Sahih Muslim) Virtues of Reciting Surah Dukhaan The senior Tabi’i, Abu Rafi’ (Rahimahullah) said: “Whoever will recite Surah Dukhan on the Eve of Friday, by morning he is forgiven, and he will be wed to a Hur (damsel of Jannah)” (Sunan Darimi, Hadith: 3464) N.B. This is the statement of the Tabi’i and it is not a Hadith of Rasulullah (SAW). 2. Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “whoever recites ‘Haa Meem Ad-Dukhaan’ on Friday night, he shall be forgiven. (Tirmidhi)
Virtues of Surah Waaqiah عن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من قرأ سورة الواقعة في كل ليلة لم تصبه فاقةً أبدًا ، وكان ابن مسعود يأمر بناته يقرأن بها كل ليلة . Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Masood (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Whoever recites Surah al-Waqiah every night, he will never be afflicted by poverty. And Ibn Masood (RA) used to command his daughters to read it every night.” (Shu’ab al-Iman 4/120, number 2269). Virtues of reciting Surah Mulk عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ إِنَّ سُورَةً فِي الْقُرْآنِ ثَلاَثُونَ آيَةً شَفَعَتْ لِصَاحِبِهَا حَتَّى غُفِرَ لَهُ ، وهي تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ الْمُلْكُ. It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said: “There is a Surah in the Qur-aan, with thirty verses, which will intercede for its companion (the one who recites it) until he is forgiven. This Surah is: Tabarak al-lathi.”(Surah Mulk) (Ibn Majah Number 3786, Musnad Ishaaq Bin Rahviyah, Number 122) Sayyiduna Jabir ibn ‘Abdillah (RA) reports that Rasulullah (SAW) would not sleep until he recited Surah Sajdah and Surah Mulk (Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 2892, Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 2 pg. 412) Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (RA) says: Whomsoever recites Surah Mulk every night, Allah will protect him from the punishment of the grave by virtue of this Surah. In the time of Rasulullah (SAW) we named this Surah ‘Al Mani’ah’ (prevents the punishment of the grave). It is such a Surah, whoever recites it every night has certainly done a lot and has done good. (Nasa’i, Hadith: 10479, Tabarani in al Mu’jamul Kabir, Hadith: 10254) Virtues of Surah Yaaseen Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) says: “Whoever recites Surah Yaseen in the morning, his work for that entire day will be made easy and whoever recites it at the end of the day, his tasks till the next morning will be made easy.” (Sunan Darimi vol.2 pg.549) 2. Sayyiduna Jundub ibn ‘Abdullah (RA) narrates that Rasulullah (SAW) said, “Whoever recites Surah Yaseen at night seeking the pleasure of Allah, His sins will be forgiven.” (Muwatta Imam Malik). Based on this narration, Allama Al-Munawi (AR) has deduced that whoever will recite Surah Yaseen during the morning, will also be forgiven, Inshallah (If Allah Wills). (See Faydul-Qadir vol.6 pg.259) 3. Sayyiduna Ma’qil ibn Yasar (RA) reports that Rasulullah (SAW) said: “Surah Yaseen is the heart of the Qur-aan. When anyone who intends the Akhirah recites it, Allah will forgive him. Recite it upon your deceased.” (Sunan Abi Dawud)
Qurbani is a practice commanded by Allah: فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وانْحَرْ So, turn in prayer towards your Lord and sacrifice (animals). (108.2) عَنْ عائِشَةَ قالَتْ: قالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ: « ما عَمِلَ ابْنُ آدَمَ مِن عَمَلٍ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ أحَبَّ إلى اللَّهِ مِن إهْراقِ الدَّمِ وإنَّهُ لَيُؤْتى يَوْمَ القِيامَةِ بِقُرُونِها وأشْعارِها وأظْلافِها وإنَّ الدَّمَ لَيَقَعُ مِنَ الله بمَكان قبل أن يَقع بِالأرْضِ فيطيبوا بها نفسا». (رَواهُ التِّرْمِذِيّ وابْن ماجَه) There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of judgment with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore, sacrifice with an open and happy heart. (Tirmizi, Ibne Majah) وعَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أرْقَمَ - قالَ: «قالَ أصْحابُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ : يا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ، ما هَذِهِ الأضاحِيُّ؟ قالَ: سُنَّةُ أبِيكُمْ إبْراهِيمُ ﷺ قالُوا: فَما لَنا فِيها يا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قالَ: بِكُلِّ شَعْرَةٍ حَسَنَةٌ. قالُوا: فالصُّوفُ يا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قالَ: بِكُلِّ شَعْرَةٍ مِنَ الصُّوفِ حَسَنَةٌ». (رَواهُ أحْمَدُ ، وابْنُ ماجَهْ) Zayd lbne Arqam t relates that the Companions j asked, "O Rasoolullah ﷺ What is Qurbani?" He replied, "It is the sunnah of your father lbraheem u." They asked again, "What benefit do we get from it?" He answered, "A reward for every hair (of the sacrificed animal)." "And (what reward is there for animals with) wool, 0 Rasoolullah ﷺ?" they asked. "A reward", he said, "for every fibre of the wool." (Ibne Majah) Witness your Qurbani being performed عن علي t أن رسول الله ﷺ قال : يا فاطمة ! قومي فاشهدي أضحيتك ، فإن لك بأول قطرة تقطر من دمها مغفرة لكل ذنب ، أما إنه يجاء بدمها ولحمها فيوضع في ميزانك سبعين ضعفاً... Hazrat Ali t narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ said to Fatimah k: “Oh Fatimah, stand and be present at the time when your animal is being sacrificed, for all your sins will be forgiven when the first drop of blood falls to the ground. Verily it will come with its blood and its meat and it will be placed on the scale of deeds and multiplied 70 times. (Targheeb) The Masnoon Duas عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ رَضِىَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : ذَبَحَ النَّبِىُّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يَوْمَ الذَّبْحِ كَبْشَيْنِ أَقْرَنَيْنِ أَمْلَحَيْنِ مَوْجِيَّيْنِ فَلَمَّا وَجَّهَهُمَا قَالَ :« إِنِّى وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِىَ لِلَّذِى فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ عَلَى مِلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِنَّ صَلاَتِى وَنُسُكِى وَمَحْيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِى لِلَّهُ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ اللَّهُمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأُمَّتِهِ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ». ثُمَّ ذَبَحَ – Hazrat Jaabir t Narrates, Rasulullah ﷺ slaughtered two black and white, horned and castrated sheep on the day of Qurbani. When he faced them towards the Qiblah he recited إِنِّى وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِىَ لِلَّذِى فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ عَلَى مِلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِنَّ صَلاَتِى وَنُسُكِى وَمَحْيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِى لِلَّهُ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ اللَّهُمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأُمَّتِهِ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ The Sunnah Method of Slaughtering عن أنس قال : ضَحَّى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم بِكَبْشَيْنِ أَمْلَحَيْنِ فَرَأَيْتُهُ وَاضِعًا قَدَمَهُ عَلى صِفَاحِهِمَا يُسمِّي وَيُكَبِّرُ فَذَبَحَهُمَا بِيَدِهِ Hazrat Anas t narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ slaughtered two black and white rams. I saw him placing his foot upon the sides (of the animals) reciting Bismillah as well as the Takbeer. He then slaughtered both the animals with his own hands. (Bukhari) Warning to those who Ignore Qurbaani وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ سَعَةٌ وَلَمْ يُضَحِّ فَلَا يَقْرَبَنَّ مُصَلَّانَا. (رواه ابن ماجه) Hazrat Abu Hurayrah t reports that Rasulullah ﷺ said, “He who has the means for performing Qurbaani but does not do so, should not come close to our Eidgah (Place of Eid Salaah) Qurbani on behalf of Nabi ﷺ Hadhrat Abu Talhah t narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ sacrificed one sheep for himself and one sheep on behalf of his Ummah. In this regard Rasulullah ﷺ said: "This Qurbaani is for the one in my Ummah who believes in me and who acknowledges me." (Tabraani, Mustadrak) N.B: If one has the means and one has wealth that it is recommended to perform Qurbani on behalf of Nabi ﷺ after ones Waajib Qurbani. On Whom Is Qurbani Wajib? Qurbani is wajib on every Muslim who is of sound mind, mature (who has reached the age of puberty), muqeem (i.e. he is not a Shar'ee traveler) and possesses the amount of Nisaab. Days Of Qurbani The days of Qurbani are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth of Zul Hijjah. The first day is better than the second, and the second better than the last. TIME FOR QURBANI In towns and cities where Jumu’ah and 'Eid are performed, Qurbani is not permissible before the 'Eid Salat. If the Qurbani has been offered before the 'Eid Salat, it will have to be repeated. Therefore, the time for Qurbani commences after 'Eid Salat on 1Oth Zul Hijjah until before sunset of 12th Zul Hijjah. It is permissible, but not preferable to perform Qurbani at night. The Qurbani Animal It is permissible to offer in sacrifice a goat or she-goat, sheep of all kinds, cow, bull, buffalo or camel. It is necessary that the goat is one (full) year old, whether male or female. A cow, bull or buffalo will have to be two years old, and a camel five years. Animals that are younger are not suitable for Qurbani. A sheep (of any kind) not less than six months old, so strong and fat that it appears to be one year old will suffice for Qurbani, otherwise it will have to be one (full) year old. A cow, bull, buffalo or camel will suffice for seven persons provided no one's share is less than one seventh and the niyyah (intention) of all partners is to attain thawab (for Qurbani), and not merely to obtain meat. The Qurbani of only one person can be performed from a goat, sheep or ram. If an animal seller says that the animal has reached the required age, and outwardly there is no sign to disprove it, then it is permissible to rely on his statement. Animals that are castrated can be used for Qurbani. In fact, this type of animal is preferable. The Following Cannot He Used For Qurbani: Animals that are blind, one-eyed or has lost one-third or more of its eyesight.Animals that have lost a third of the ear or the tail. Similarly, the animal which has no ear from its very birth.Animal whose horn has been broken off from the root.Animal which has one leg lame to the extent that it walks on three legs only and is unable to use the fourth leg.Animal so lean and thin that its bones have no marrow.Animal so weak that it cannot walk to the place of slaughtering on its own.Animal completely toothless or one that has lost most of its teeth. It is virtuous to purchase the animal for Qurbani a few days prior to slaughtering and care must be taken in feeding and nursing it. Masnoon Method Of Sacrifice It is more virtuous to slaughter the animal with one's own hands. If one does not know how to slaughter, it is preferred that he remain present while someone else is sacrificing the animal. It is not necessary to make the niyyah (intention) of Qurbani with the tongue, however it is necessary to say Bismillahi Allahu Akbar when slaughtering. Use a sharp knife and slaughter the animal quickly so that it does not suffer. Do not sharpen the knife in front of the animal. After slaughtering, do not skin the animal before it becomes completely cold. Do not slaughter one animal in the presence of another. It is mustahab (desirable) for one who intends to perform Qurbani to refrain from cutting hair or clipping nails from 1st Zul Hijjah to 10th Zul Hijjah, (i.e. until after Qurbani). The Qurbani Meat And Skin It is permissible to eat the Qurbani meat. It can also be distributed to relatives and friends whether wealthy or poor, Muslims or non-Muslims. It is better to divide it into three parts. One for the family, one for relatives and friends and one for the poor and needy. The skin of the Qurbani animal can be kept for personal use, e.g. using it as a prayer-mat, water bag, etc. If the skin of the Qurbani animal is sold, then it is Waajib to give that amount in sadaqah to the poor (i.e. those who are eligible for Zakah). It is not permissible to give meat, fat, etc. of the sacrificed animal to the butcher as his wages. The meat of the animal slaughtered by partners should be shared by weight and not by estimation. The rope, cover, etc. of the animal should be given away as sadaqah.
1. Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ said: “Whoever performs Hajj for the sake of pleasing Allah and does not utter any obscene words, nor commits any evil action shall return from it as free from sin as the day his mother gave birth to him.” (Bukhari #1521 and Muslim #1350 – Mishkaat 1/221) 2. Ibnu Shammasah رضي الله عنه narrates that we were present around Amr ibnul Aas رضي الله عنه when he was in his last moments. He cried for a long time and then related the story of his embracing Islam. He said: “When Allah caused Islam to enter my heart, I came to Rasulullah ﷺ and said: ‘O Rasulullah ﷺ! Put forth your hand that I may swear allegiance.’ When Rasulullah ﷺ stretched forth his hand, I withheld my hand. Rasulullah ﷺ inquired: ‘What troubles you O Amr?’ I said: ‘I want to lay down a condition that Allah shall forgive my previous sins.’ Rasulullah ﷺ replied: ‘O Amr, do you then not know that Islam washes away all sins committed in disbelief, and that the Hijrah washes away all sins committed before it, and that Hajj destroys all sins committed before it.” (Muslim #121) 3. Abdullah ibn Umar رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ said: “When you meet a Haaji (on his way home) then greet him, shake hands with him and ask him to beg forgiveness of Allah on your behalf before he enters his home, because his dua for forgiveness is accepted since he is forgiven by Allah for his sins.” (Musnad Ahmad #5372, #6112, Mishkaat 1/223) 4. Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrates from Nabi ﷺ that he said: “The Haaji and the one who makes Umrah are members of the delegation of Allah. If they make Duaa to Allah, Allah answers them. If they ask Allah for forgiveness, Allah forgives them.” (Sunan ibn Majah #2892, Mishkaat 1/222) 5. Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ once made Duaa: “O Allah, forgive the sins of the Haaji and forgive the sins of the one for whom the Haaji seeks forgiveness.” (Mustadrak al Haakim #1612) 6. It is reported that Umar رضي الله عنه said: “The Haaji has the forgiveness of Allah until the 20th of Rabiul Awwal. The one who he seeks forgiveness for is also forgiven in this time. (Ithaaf) Jannah is the reward for Hajj Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ said: “Umrah to Umrah is an atonement for what is between it. There is no reward for a righteous Hajj except Jannah.” (Bukhari #1773, Muslim #1349, Mishkaat 1/221) The article above has been taken from here.
Some contemporaries, who degrade the Fiqh of the four Imams & their followers, actually do so because they view legitimate “difference of opinion” as evil. This is the reason for which they keep harping on the fact that we need to follow the Quran and Sunnah and not any of the Schools of Fiqh. This is analysis of their claim. My Honourable Teacher, Al-Muhaddith, Shaykh Muhammad ‘Awwamah (may Allah protect him) responds to this with the following: “Firstly, this implies that the Imams of the four Madhahib (Schools of Fiqh) were not following the Quran and Sunnah ! Secondly, this can only be said in ignorance of the reality we are faced with; tell me in the name of Allah! Up to how many “schools” have they resulted in, after Muslims lived within the four schools for centuries? Where is the logic behind their claim?! Lastly, I will explain further that following the Quran and Sunnah actually leads us to legitimate difference of opinion.” (Atharul Hadithi Shareef, fi ikhtilafil A-immatil Fuqaha, pg.77) A valuable lesson Shaykh ‘Awwamah (may Allah protect him) has included the following incident in his glorious book “Atharul Hadith”. “Sayyiduna ‘Urwah ibn Zubair – a Tabi’e- (rahimahullah) once objected to Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhuma): “You have been misleading the people!” Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu’anhuma) asked for the reason, to which ‘Urwah replied: “When a person dons his Ihram for Haj or ‘Umrah and after arriving in Makkah performs the tawaf only, you state that he is now free of his ihram. Whereas Sayyiduna ‘Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) actually opposed this view!” Ibn ‘Abbas responded: “Are the two of them (Abu Bakr & ‘Umar radiyallahu’anhuma) preferred to you over what is in the Quran and Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam)?” ‘Urwah replied: “Sayyiduna Abu Bakr & ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) had more knowledge/ understanding of the Quran and Sunnah than me and you put together!” (Al-Mu’jamul Awsat of Tabarani, hadith:21) In a narration of Musnad Ahmad Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu’anhuma) responded to ‘Urwah’s objection by saying: “I am quoting a hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) to you, and quote Abu Bakr and ‘Umar?!” ‘Urwah replied: “They followed Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) more than you, and they knew more about him than you knew” (Musnad Ahmad, vol.1, pg.252) The narrator; Ibn Abi Mulaikah (rahimahullah) comments: “Urwah defeated him.” Shaykh ‘Awwamah (may Allah protect him) explains: “…’Urwah is actually saying to Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas: “By us taking the view of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr and Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) we aren’t disregarding the way of the sunnah. In fact we find ourselves with two options; that which Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu’anhuma) witnessed (and understood) from Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) and what Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) witnessed/understood. We then preferred their view because they were most knowledgeable regarding the sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam).” (Atharul Hadithi Shareef, fi ikhtilafil A-immatil Fuqaha, pg. 108) Imam Sufyan Thawri (rahimahullah) said: نسلم ما سمعنا، ونكل ما لا نعلم إلى عالمه، ونتهم رأينا لرأيهم “We follow what we know, and hand over what we do not know to those who do know. We will even question our understanding in favour of theirs” (Al-Intiqa, pg.265, 266) The reality of “Fiqhus Sunnah” Shaykh (may Allah protect him) writes further: “And this is our response to those who ask us to abandon the Fiqh of Imams: Abu Hanifah, Malik, Shafi’e and Ahmad (rahimahumullah) and to rather take –what they label as- “Fiqhus-Sunnah” or “Fiqhul-Quran was-Sunnah” We say to them: “We are not prepared to accept you’ll as alternatives to those Imams, for they were undoubtedly more knowledgeable than you’ll regarding the sunnah. In fact there is no comparison between you’ll and them in knowledge. It is actually our eagerness to follow the way of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) that leads us to follow what these great Imams had understood (and presented to the ummah) as the sunnah!” (Atharul Hadithi Shareef, fi ikhtilafil A-immatil Fuqaha, pgs. 108-109.) The true meaning of Fiqh of Abu Hanifah etc. The word fiqh actually translates as: understanding. Shaykh ‘Awwamah writes: “Therefore, when we say “Fiqh of Abu Hanifah, Fiqh of Shafi’e and so on, the actual meaning of this is: the understanding of Imam Abu Hanifah and Imam Shafi’e. The question that arises is: Their understanding of what? It is their understanding of none other than the Quran and Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) The reason for this is that “Fiqh” in fact means: understanding.” Don’t be fooled! “In light of the above, we can now realize a widespread grave mistake which nobody seems to pay attention to, or even rectify; when certain people label their “understanding” as “Fiqhus Sunnah” or Fiqhus Sunnah wal Kitab” This term literally translates as: “the understanding of the Quran and Sunnah”. In this case it is the understanding of some unknown, or under qualified person. It is his understanding which he seeks to legitimise by attributing it to the Quran and Sunnah. This is done to give the impression that they are presenting before the people the “original authentic source” of knowledge (whereas it is merely their distorted understanding). In this manner they deter others from the Fiqh of the Imams; Abu Hanifah, Shafi’e, Malik and Ahmad (rahimahumullah). They even boldly venture to say: “People! Do you want “Fiqh of Muhammad sallallahu’alaihi wasallam” or “Fiqh of Abu Hanifah and Shafi’ie”? One of them had the audacity to ask before leading the salah; “Should I perform the salah of Muhammad (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam) or the salah of Abu Hanifah”!! This is all the consequence of them attributing their Fiqh/understanding to the Quran and sunnah, and the fiqh/understanding of Imam Abu Hanifah and Imam Shafi’e to Abu Hanifah and Shafi’e, not to the Quran and Sunnah. In so doing, they have separated the correct understanding of the Quran and Sunnah (the understanding of legitimate scholars) which in reality was the most appropriate explanation of the Quran and Hadith. They severed this and then produced a new understanding which they attribute to the Quran and Sunnah!” (Atharul Hadith, pgs.134-135) They truly did know better Imam Malik (rahimahullah) said: سلموا للأئمة ولا تجادلوهم، فلو كنا كلما جاءنا رجل أجدل من رجل اتبعناه: لخفنا أن نقع في رد ما جاء به جبريل عليه السلام “Submit to the Imams and don’t argue with them, for if we were to follow every convincing debater, I fear we may end up refuting what Angel Jibreel brought from the skies” (Atharul Hadith, pg.117) Imam Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah (rahimahullah) said: التسليم للفقهاء سلامة في الدين “In conceding to the Fuqaha (Jurists) is the security for our deen” (Atharul Hadith, pg.117) Imam Sufyan Thawri (rahimahullah) said: نسلم ما سمعنا، ونكل ما لا نعلم إلى عالمه، ونتهم رأينا لرأيهم “We follow what we know, and hand over what we do not know to those who do know. We will even question our understanding in favour of theirs” (Al-Intiqa, pg.265, 266) These quotations are so glaring in the current conditions. So the next time someone confronts us with arguments like the ones discussed above, we shouldn’t be moved. In fact, these last three quotations are sufficient in response! May Allah Ta’ala keep us under the shadows of our Imams which ultimately lead us to the shadow of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi wasallam). Ameen.
SO it’s a few days into Ramadan and people around you keep talking about how they love Ramadan. They love how they can focus and worship, they talk about how they love the feeling of the shayateen being chained, and they are just so…happy. And all you can think is, “I want to feel that!” You’ve read articles, listened to lectures, and tried to get yourself pumped up but it just isn’t there. You’re not “feeling” Ramadan. Maybe Ramadan didn’t start off like you planned. While it’s true that Ramadan is a time to focus, life doesn’t stop because it’s Ramadan. We still have our jobs and responsibilities but that doesn’t mean you can’t benefit. Life is stressful at times and things won’t suddenly become easier once Ramadan starts. Yes, the shayateen are chained but we still have to work on ourselves. I used to think that as soon as Ramadan came in, I would feel better. I would plan to officially sit down before Ramadan started and repent for all of my shortcomings and resolve to do better- start off on the right foot. And I would get my Ramadan goals in order. But despite doing all of that, something was still missing. I realized that Ramadan isn’t just about outside changes. You can read all the Quran and hadith, listen to all the lectures and read all the Ramadan articles, but it might not affect you. And when that happens, we need to look inside. You’ve heard that you can’t pour water into a dirty glass… Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “When the believer commits sin, a black spot appears on his heart. If he repents and gives up that sin and seeks forgiveness, his heart will be polished. But if (the sin) increases, (the black spot) increases. That is the raan which Allah mentions in His Book: ‘Nay! But on their hearts is the Raan (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn’.” (Al-Tirmithi) So we need to polish and soften our hearts. Allah says, “Then your hearts became hardened after that, being like stones or even harder. For indeed, there are stones from which rivers burst forth, and there are some of them that split open and water comes out, and there are some of them that fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do. (2:74) Maybe you have given up and wonder “what’s the point of fasting and praying if I can’t be a better Muslim?” Or maybe there is something in your life right now that you don’t want to address. Maybe you know what you need to work on but you just don’t want to. Allah says, “Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire, and Allah has sent him astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heart and put over his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah? Then will you not be reminded?” (45:23) Maybe you are not on good terms with another Muslim. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “The gates of Paradise are opened on Mondays and Thursday s, then every servant of Allah is granted forgiveness if he does not associate anything with Allah in worship. But the person in whose heart there is rancor against his Muslim brother, they will not be pardoned. It will be said about them, ‘Hold both of them until they reconcile.” (Muslim) Or maybe you’ve overloaded yourself with preparing for Ramadan and you felt overwhelmed and gave up before it even started. Whatever the cause, start correcting it now. Go back to the basics. Renew your intentions and remind yourself about what Ramadan is all about. Make specific, smaller goals and don’t feel sad if you got off to a slow start. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “May his nose be rubbed in the dust (an Arabic expression for humiliation) who fasts Ramadan and Ramadan ends without him being admitted into Jannah.” [al-Tirmidhi] Insha Allah, Let’s not let that be us! Ramadan is a perfect time for everything. It is a perfect time to ask for forgiveness from Allah, energize and pace ourselves to do more good. As I say that it is a perfect time to pace ourselves to do more good, don’t forget that it is also a perfect time to put this good into practice in our daily lives. I once heard a lecture that in the beginning of Ramadan there are 5 rows for Taraweeh in the Masjid. In the middle of Ramadan there are 2 rows for Taraweeh in the Masjid. And in the end of Ramadan there are 4 rows for Taraweeh in the Masjid. Hence from this example we can clearly see that the moment we reach at the middle of Ramadan we drop off our consistency. Why you ask? Because we surround ourselves with a lot of ‘tasks to-do’ in the beginning of Ramadan & later in the middle or after Ramadan, we find it hard & eventually we give it a break! – So how can one be consistent in his deeds during Ramadan? Make du’a: For everything to turn out the way you want it. Ask Allah to make you consistent in your deeds during Ramadan & grant you the ability to continue your good deeds for the rest of your life! Be balanced: As Ramadan approaches, we set a huge ‘good deeds to-do’ list, only to realize that at the middle or end of Ramadan, that same ‘good deeds to-do’ list is becoming a burden. This time, just for a change, try adding only one little ‘good deed to-do’ in your Ramadan plan & try continuing that same good deed during Ramadan consistently & see the difference! Remember that the ‘good deed’ can be as small as making dua for the Ummah, working hard on any one of the Sunnah of the Prophet (SalAllahu alaihy wassalam), etc. As goes the hadith of the Prophet (SalAllahu alaihy wassalam):- “The deeds most loved by Allah (Subhan wa Ta’ala) are those that are done regularly even though they may be few” (Bukhari) Remember that to start a good is no big deal. Continuing it is what matters to Allah. Just like my experience, I wasn’t ready to fast at all, because I hadn’t made dua to Allah nor had I planned anything. And that’s why things got messed up for me in the end. So, I pray all goes well for you this Ramadan. The best time to begin a deed & keep it consistent is Ramadan. So hurry up & Start now! When winds become soft and gentle, when sunshine changes from heat to warmth… when rain is more cooling than ever before… when clouds move calmly dressed in peaceful white… when the rustling of trees is like a familiar chanting… when whispers of prayer fill the earth, when mountains stand motionless echoing Divine praise… when a lull of serenity lingers in the air and Mercy embraces the earth, the Awaited Beloved graces us: Ramadan— the season of change. To disrupt this beauty would be ever unwise, With our human faults, sins and lies How perfect if we were to harmonize, With the rest of nature when Ramadan arrives! It trades perfumes of forgiveness if you repent from vice And sweetness of faith for restrained eyes. A breath better than the smell of musk, For fasting sincerely from dawn to dusk It gifts robes of respect for honesty, And jewels of Jannah for a little in charity. For constant glorification of Allah, A face that shines brighter than the stars! It reveals the treasures of Paradise To those who pray in its blessed nights. Its most special gift is the Night of Power With immense reward in its every hour. If you can sacrifice your sleep, To stand through this one night and weep Allah promises to forgive all your sins If you beg for forgiveness and surrender to Him. Full of forgiveness, mercy and wealth, Blessings, happiness and health, Ramadan changes, Ramadan revives Our rushing yet meaningless lives. Ramadan closes the gates of Hell And shows us the Paradise where we could dwell, But this Beloved is soon going away, With the end of a mere 30 days… To come back after almost a year, When maybe neither I… nor you are here.